Assess Features Cities Resilient To Disasters

Assess features cities resilient to disasters

  • Mohammad Heidari
  • Neda Eskandary
  • Bahar Seifi
  • Hamid Jafari
  • Shahrzad Pakjouei
Keywords: Resilience, cities, disaster


Building resilience is a forward looking, target driven approach to urban development that uses a wide range of measures addressing all elements of urban systems. Ensuring these targets are met demands all levels of communities and governments work together to ensure the safety of all people and protect the economic, social, environmental, and cultural assets and attributes which define the unique character of each city. In this literature review, the information in the field of health searched and extracted from the related databases including Web of science, Pub Med, Scopus, Google Scholar, conference papers and published papers in the last years about resilience cities by keywords of disaster, resilience, resilience cities. The focus on urban disaster risk has helped raise awareness of localized disasters that have devastating impacts on communities, especially poor households, and constitute a persistent drain on national and local budgets. For those at earlier stages of resilience building, the creation of a new committee or working group is often the first step. Also in Iran this task does every year but in practice it doesn’t resulted in good news. [Mohammad H NJIRM 2016; 7(6): 74-78]


1. Cutter SL, Burton C G, Emrich C T. Disaster resilience indicators for benchmarking baseline conditions. Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. 2010;7(1).
2. Reduction ISD. Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction: Revealing risk, redefining development: United Nations Geneva. 2011.
3. Leitmann J. Cities and calamities: learning from post-disaster response in Indonesia. Journal of Urban Health. 2007; 84(1):144-153.
4. Angel S, Sheppard S, Civco DL, Buckley R, Chabaeva A, Gitlin L, Kraley A, Parent J, Perlin M. The dynamics of global urban expansion. Washington, DC: World Bank, Transport and Urban Development Department; 2005 Sep.
5. Bull-Kamanga L, Diagne K, Lavell A, Leon E, Lerise F, MacGregor H, Maskrey A, Meshack M, Pelling M, Reid H, Satterthwaite D. From everyday hazards to disasters: the accumulation of risk in urban areas. Environment and Urbanization. 2003 Apr 1;15(1):193-204.
6. Lall SV, Deichmann U. Density and disasters: economics of urban hazard risk. The World Bank Research Observer. 2011.
7. Zhang H, Dai S. Literature review of safety research in urban planning [J]. In Urban Planning Forum. 2005.
8. Cross R. World Disasters Report 2010-Focus on Urban Risk. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Geneva. 2010.
9. d’Cruz C, Satterthwaite D. Building homes, changing official approaches. Poverty Reduction in Urban Areas Series Working Paper. 2005.
10. Pelling M. Review and Systematization of Disaster Preparedness Experiences in Urban Areas In the Caribbean Region, in Review and Systematization of Disaster Preparedness Experiences in Urban Areas in the Caribbean Region: Oxfam; European Commission's Humanitarian Aid. 2010.
11. Habitat U. Land and Natural Disasters: Guidance for Practitioners. Nairobi: UN Habitat and Global Land Tool Network. 2010.
12. Joerin J, Shaw R. Mapping climate and disaster resilience in cities. Climate and disaster resilience in local governments. 2011:47-61.
13. Godschalk DR. Urban hazard mitigation: creating resilient cities. Natural hazards review. 2003;4(3):136-143.
14. Vale L J, TJ Campanella. The resilient city: How modern cities recover from disaster: Oxford University Press. 2005.
15. Jha AK, TW Miner, Z Stanton-Geddes. Building urban resilience: Principles, tools, and practice: World Bank Publications.2013.
16. Coaffee J, Murakami Wood D, Rogers P. The Everyday Resilience of the City: how cities respond to terrorism and disaster. 2009.17. Coaffee J. Risk, resilience and environmentally sustainable cities. Energy Policy. 2008;36(12):4633-4638.
18. Shaw R, Sharma A. Climate and disaster resilience in cities: Emerald Group Publishing.Vol. 6. 2011.
19. Brown AA, Dayal CR, Del Rio. From practice to theory: emerging lessons from Asia for building urban climate change resilience. Environment and Urbanization. 2012;24(2):531-556.
20. Larsen K, F Barker-Reid. Adapting to climate change and building urban resilience in Australia. Urban Agriculture Magazine. 2009; 22:22-24.
21. Colding J, S Barthel. The potential of ‘Urban Green Commons’ in the resilience building of cities. Ecological Economics. 2013;86:156-166.
22. Liao KH. A Theory on Urban Resilience to Floods--A Basis for Alternative Planning Practices. Ecology and Society. 2012;17(4):48.
23. Bahadur AV, Tanner T. Policy climates and climate policies: analysing the politics of building urban climate change resilience. Urban Climate. 2014;7:20-32.
24. CoaffeeJ. Terrorism, risk and the global city: Towards urban resilience: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. 2009.
25. Plough A. Building community disaster resilience: perspectives from a large urban county department of public health. American journal of public health. 2013;103(7):1190-1197.
How to Cite
Heidari, M., Eskandary, N., Seifi, B., Jafari, H., & Pakjouei, S. (2018). Assess Features Cities Resilient To Disasters: Assess features cities resilient to disasters. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 7(6), 74-78. Retrieved from
Original Articles